St Mary and St Peter Catholic Primary School

Phonics

 

We teach reading using a systematic approach to phonics in reception class.  Phonics is about children hearing sounds and linking them to the letter symbol.  We teach both the sound and the name of the letter, however we start with the letter sound.  As children acquire more sounds they learn to blend them to read words and segment words up into their sounds in order to write them.  It is very important the the children hear the wounds correctly.  Below is a short video link of the correct pronunciation of each sound.

Video Link of letters and sounds

We are using the scheme Storytime Phonics  that links each phonic sound with a story and an action.  We will be learning about 4 sounds a week.  This sounds like a lot but we will revisit them several times in the year to support the children in being able to use them to blend (read) and segment (spell).

Every child is different and some children take longer to grasp the link between sounds and the letter symbol.  Please be patient, sometimes children who take their time with these early steps in reading, can go onto be stronger readers and spellers than those who appear to make fast progress initially. If you have any worries about your child’s progress do pop in and have a chat.

The phonemes ( lettter sounds) that we learn each week will help the children to build simple words.  For this reason and so that we don’t teach similar letter shapes together we do not teach the phonemes alphabetically.  For example the first week the children will learn s, a, t, p.  this will help them to read sat, pat, tap, sap, at.

Some further questions you might have can be answered on the weblink below

Phonics made easy

Phonic Games

https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/BuriedTreasure2.html

https://www.phonicsbloom.com/uk/game/list/phonics-games-phase-3

Phase 4 Phonics

In Phase 4 children are not taught any new phonemes or graphemes. Instead, they are taught to further manipulate the phonemes and graphemes they have already learnt. Many of the words children explored in Phase 2 and 3 were monosyllabic (words of one syllable). In Phase 4 children explore more polysyllabic words (words containing more than one syllable). Many of the words in Phase 2 and 3 required children to blend approximately three sounds together in order to read them. Phase 4 requires children to blend an increasing number of sounds together in order to read.

Phase 4 Teaching Overview

In Phase 4 words are often referred to in relation to how many vowels and consonants they contain.

CVC Words

The word ‘cod‘ is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CVC words include: sad, net & him.

CCVC Words

The word ‘crab‘ is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CCVC words include: trim, flat & step.

CVCC Words

The word ‘help‘ is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Other CVCC words include: fist, mend and test.

As children progress through Phase 4 they become more confident and skilled in reading and spelling words with a greater number of letters and graphemes.

Phase 4 Resources

The following resources will help you support your child as they progress through Phase 4.

reading-word-lists—phase-4

hf-word-cards—phase-4

phase-4—yes-or-no-questions

phase-4-sentence-substitution

phase-4-sentences

hf-words—1st-100-record-sheet (1)

Phase 3 Phonics

Phase 3 Teaching Overview

In Phase 3 children continue to use all the sounds they were taught in Phase 2. In addition, they are taught additional sounds (phonemes) and the letters / groups of letters that represent them (graphemes). The information and resources in this section are designed to support you in helping your child at home – please feel free to speak with your child’s class teacher if you require any additional information or support.

In this Phase a further 25 letters and graphemes are taught. The final two sets of letters are taught first.

 Set 6  j / v / w / x
 Set 7  y / z, zz / qu

 

Once Sets 6 & 7 have been taught children learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents one sound e.g. the grapheme ‘ai‘ represents one sound in the word ‘rain’.

Click on each grapheme below to download a set of A5 flashcards with words containing this grapheme. Practise reading these with your child.

 

ch

(as in chip)

sh

(as in shop)

th*

(as in thin)

th*

(as in then)

ng

(as in ring)

ai

(as in rain)

ee

(as in feet)

 igh

(as in night)

 oo**

(as in book)

 oo**

(as in boot)

 ar

(as in farm)

 or

(as in for)

 ur

(as in hurt)

 ow

(as in cow)

 oi

(as in coin)

 ear

(as in dear)

 air

(as in fair)

 ure

(as in sure)

 er

(as in her)

 

*The grapheme ‘th’ represents more than one sound. You may need to listen carefully to hear the difference.

**The grapheme ‘oo’ also represents more than one sound.

Phase 3 Resources

The following resources will help you support your child as they progress through Phase 3.

grapheme-cards—phase-3

reading-word-lists—phase-3 (1)

hf-word-cards—phase-3 (1)

phase-3—yes-or-no-questions

phase-3-captions-sentences

Phase 2 Phonics

Phase 2 Teaching Overview

In Phase 2 children are taught 19 letters grouped into 5 sets. One set will generally be taught in one week.

 Set 1 s / a / t / p
 Set 2  i / n / m / d
 Set 3  g / o / c / k
 Set 4 ck / e / u / r
 Set 5  h / b / f, ff / l, ll / ss

 

Children are encouraged to begin ‘blending’ sounds into words straight away. Therefore, having been taught only Set 1, children can make (and read) words like at, sat & pat.

Nonsense words, such as ‘tas’ are also acceptable as they allow children to explore sounds freely. Mis-spelt words (which are phonetically correct) are also allowable e.g. pas. In time, children will be shown the correct spelling. Remember, the initial focus is on reading; blending separate sounds into words.

As children learn all the Sets in Phase 2, they will be able to read an increasing number of words. The ‘Reading Word List’, in the resources section opposite, sets out the range of words which can be read once each additional Set has been taught.

You will notice that ‘double consonants’ (ff / ss / ll) are taught early. This illustrates to children that sometimes more than one letter can represent a single sound. In the case of these letters it is the same sound as the single letter represents. In Phase 3 children are taught that this is not always the case.

The grapheme ‘ck’ is taught in Phase 2 as it features in many of the early words that children learn e.g. back, neck and sack.

Phase 2 Resources

The following resources will help you support your child as they progress through Phase 2.

hf-words—1st-100-record-sheet

individual-record-sheet—phase-2

hf-word-cards—phase-2

reading-word-lists—phase-2

grapheme-cards—phase-2

These are the phase 2 sounds with the actions that we have learnt

Address

East Anglian Way
Gorleston,
Great Yarmouth,
NR31 6QY